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Clinical outcomes with high-dose-rate surface mould brachytherapy for intra-oral and skin malignancies involving head and neck region

In Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
By: Budrukkar A [Corresponding author].
Contributor(s): Dasgupta A | Pandit P | Laskar SG | Murthy V | Upreti RR | Gupta T | Dholam K | Agarwal JP.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticlePublisher: 2017Description: .Subject(s): Brachytherapy | Head and neck | Skin | Surface mould In: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy Vol. 9, no.3, p. 242–250.Summary: Purpose The literature and experience of high-dose-rate (HDR) surface mould brachytherapy (SMB) in head and neck cancer is sparse. We report our institutional experience of SMB for such tumours. Material and methods Thirty-five patients with malignant localized early T1/T2, N0 (21 intra-oral and 14 skin) tumours treated with SMB during 2008-2014 were analyzed. Treatment was delivered using HDR 192Ir source to a median dose of 49 Gy (range, 38.5-52.5 Gy) as radical brachytherapy and 18 Gy (range, 15.5-30 Gy) as boost with 3-4 Gy/fraction twice daily using customized surface mould. Results Median follow-up was 52 months (range, 6 to 98 months). Local control (LC) for skin tumours and intra-oral malignancies at 5 years were 92% and 76%, respectively. Five-year cause specific survival was 92%. For T1 and T2 tumours, 5 year LC was 94.2% and 68.2%, respectively. T stage (p < 0.04) and dose/fractions (p < 0.003) were the only significant prognostic factors for LC on univariate analysis. Conclusions Surface mould brachytherapy results in excellent LC rates for skin tumours and T1 intraoral tumours when considered as radical treatment, and preferable to consider it as a boost for T2 intraoral tumours. Surface mould brachytherapy results in excellent organ and function preservation.
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Address for correspondence: ashwininb@yahoo.com

Purpose

The literature and experience of high-dose-rate (HDR) surface mould brachytherapy (SMB) in head and neck cancer is sparse. We report our institutional experience of SMB for such tumours.

Material and methods

Thirty-five patients with malignant localized early T1/T2, N0 (21 intra-oral and 14 skin) tumours treated with SMB during 2008-2014 were analyzed. Treatment was delivered using HDR 192Ir source to a median dose of 49 Gy (range, 38.5-52.5 Gy) as radical brachytherapy and 18 Gy (range, 15.5-30 Gy) as boost with 3-4 Gy/fraction twice daily using customized surface mould.

Results

Median follow-up was 52 months (range, 6 to 98 months). Local control (LC) for skin tumours and intra-oral malignancies at 5 years were 92% and 76%, respectively. Five-year cause specific survival was 92%. For T1 and T2 tumours, 5 year LC was 94.2% and 68.2%, respectively. T stage (p < 0.04) and dose/fractions (p < 0.003) were the only significant prognostic factors for LC on univariate analysis.

Conclusions

Surface mould brachytherapy results in excellent LC rates for skin tumours and T1 intraoral tumours when considered as radical treatment, and preferable to consider it as a boost for T2 intraoral tumours. Surface mould brachytherapy results in excellent organ and function preservation.

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